At an elevation of 6,520 feet, Mountainair is located at the summit of Abo Pass which links the Rio Grande Valley to the Estancia Valley via Highway 60. Expansive views of mountains and mesas surround the community, which is located 9 miles from the geographic center of New Mexico.
The population is 928 (US Census, 2010), with principal industry being ranching and farming. Local services include a grocery store, pharmacy, hardware store, mechanic, service station, restaurants and more. The town also provides a local school system, medical clinic, EMT, Police and Fire department.